# Roulette Wheel Design

The actual roulette wheel is probably among the oldest known casino devices. Because of its originality, this roulette wheel layout has garnered a lot speculation through the gambling public.

Roulette Wheel Layout – Background

It is believed that the original roulette wheel design might be tracked back to Asia where the Ancient Chinese as well as Tibetans enjoyed a game employing 37 animal statuettes. Back then, the actual roulette wheel layout did not follow the standard â€œwheelâ€ form we see today. Instead, the Chinese used some sort of â€œmagic squareâ€ with numbers that total up to 666. Incidentally, this is the same total we produce if we add all the numbers in a modern day roulette wheel design from 0 to 36.

After the Chinese, it is said that the game had been taken to Europe by means of French Dominican monks who had been on a missionary quest in Asia. The roulette wheel layout went through a few alterations during 14th century France. Around 1655, the French mathematician as well as scientist Blaise Pascal conceived the first wheel based on this old Chinese game introduced by way of the monks. This kind of roulette wheel layout became popular with earlier casinos.

In 1842, Frenchmen Francois as well as Louis Blanc introduced the double-zero (0, 00) on the roulette wheel layout thus now the standard wheel contains 38 numbers. When gambling had been prohibited in France, Louis Blanc and his child Camille relocated to Hamburg, Germany where they once again popularized the single-zero roulette wheel layout. For years, this particular roulette wheel design was common in all of the casinos, especially with Monte Carlo, Monacoâ€™s most famous gambling establishment.

Ultimately, roulette found its way into American soil where the roulette wheel layout went through another significant change.

Roulette Wheel Layout – Types

You will discover two basic forms of roulette wheel layouts. The first style would be the one found in American roulette. This roulette wheel layout uses the double-zero style using 38 numbers, comprising the 0, 00, and 1 through 36. This kind of roulette wheel layout allows a house advantage of 5. 26%.

The other style of roulette wheel layout is the typical for all European wheels. It has only 37 numbers, which includes 0 as well as 1 thru 36. The house advantage with regard to this type of roulette wheel layout is significantly lesser at 2. 7% in comparison to the American wheel.

Roulette Wheel Design – Number and Color Placement

The roulette wheel layout is definitely striking when it comes to mathematics and equilibrium. All of the numbers, including the low, high, odd, and even, are alternated and spread out on the wheel. The colors red, black, and green (for the two zeros) are also alternated as well as equally separated.

In a standard roulette wheel layout, whenever you add together all of the figures, you get a total of 666. Nevertheless, if you add all the 18 odd colors, you only have 342. This makes it impossible to attain ideal numerical balance in a roulette wheel layout.

To get over this one flaw, companies have devised a specific set up with regard to roulette wheel designs to offer them the best possible mathematical stability. The result is that you have the two zeros, 0 as well as 00, set up opposite one another as well as colored green to tell apart them from the various other numbers. The rest of the 18 numbers are then alternated on each side of the two zeros. The actual single-zero or maybe 0 is in between two black numbers so when the wheel progresses, the color alternates until you end with 2 red numbers on each one side on the double-zero or simply 00.